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Research
Determining resolution of Angiostrongylus vasorum in dogs following anthelmintic treatment with an imidacloprid 10 per cent/moxidectin 2.5 per cent spot-on
  1. Louise Elizabeth Bird1,
  2. Graham Bilbrough2,
  3. Ronan Fitzgerald3 and
  4. David John Walker4
  1. 1Internal Medicine, Veterinary Specialist Services, Underwood, Queensland, Australia
  2. 2IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., Westbrook, Maine, USA
  3. 3Bayer Animal Health, Reading, UK
  4. 4Internal Medicine, Anderson Moores Veterinary Specialists, Winchester, UK
  1. Correspondence to Louise Elizabeth Bird; louise_bird{at}hotmail.com

Abstract

Objectives To determine the time from treatment with a product containing imidacloprid 10 per cent/moxidectin 2.5 per cent spot-on (Advocate™), to dogs becoming negative for Angiostrongylus vasorum (A. vasorum). The authors hypothesised that most dogs would have resolution of A . vasorum within four weeks of treatment with Advocate™.

Design Prospective, non-randomised, prepost treatment study.

Setting Cases were enrolled from general practices along the southern coast of the United Kingdom.

Participants Nine dogs completed the study and were enrolled if A. vasorum had been diagnosed based on a positive commercially available, in-clinic, serological A. vasorum antigen test (Angio Detect®) or Baermann performed at an external laboratory or both.

Interventions The only treatment A. vasorum-positive dogs received was Advocate which was applied at the time of diagnosis and reapplied if necessary at four-weekly intervals until dogs tested negative by Angio Detect.

Primary outcome measures Angio Detect® was performed and Advocate was reapplied at four-weekly intervals until dogs tested negative by this method.

Secondary outcome measures Baermann was also performed at four-weekly intervals until dogs tested negative by this method.

Results Application of Advocate was an effective treatment for A. vasorum infection in dogs and resulted in resolution of the infection, based on Angio Detect® testing and Baermann, within four weeks, in eight out of nine dogs. Post-treatment Angio Detect® testing was concordant with Baermann in seven of nine dogs.

Conclusions Application of Advocate™ was an effective treatment for A. vasorum infection in dogs and resulted in resolution of the infection within four weeks in most dogs. Repeat Angio Detect® testing is recommended following treatment of A .vasorum to confirm resolution of the infection.

  • anthelmintics
  • angiostrongylus
  • lungworm

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

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Footnotes

  • Contributors All authors were involved in the study design but sponsors were not involved in collection of data, study analysis, interpretation or analysis of data. LEB was primarily involved with the acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data for the work. All authors gave final approval of the version to be published.

  • Funding This work was supported by IDEXX Laboratories Inc., Westbrook, Maine, USA and by Bayer plc, Reading, Berkshire, UK

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement There are no unpublished data from this study.

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