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Research
Canine parvovirus (CPV-2) variants circulating in Nigerian dogs
  1. T. T. Apaa1,2,
  2. J. M. Daly2 and
  3. R. E. Tarlinton2
  1. 1Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
  2. 2School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr R. E. Tarlinton; rachael.tarlinton{at}nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) is a highly contagious viral disease with three variants (CPV-2a, CPV-2b and CPV-2c) currently circulating in dogs worldwide. The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalent CPV-2 variant in faecal samples from 53 dogs presenting with acute gastroenteritis suspected to be and consistent with CPV-2 to Nigerian Veterinary Clinics in 2013–2014. Seventy-five per cent of these dogs tested positive for CPV-2 in a commercial antigen test and/or by PCR. Partial sequencing of the VP2 gene of six of these demonstrated them to be CPV-2a. Most of the dogs (60 per cent) were vaccinated, with 74 per cent of them puppies less than six months old.

  • Canine Parvovirus
  • Nigeria
  • CPV-2

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