TABLE 4:

Questionnaire responses regarding the usage of vaccines by cattle farmers in the UK

Respondent type
Total*% (n)Dairy % (n)Beef % (n)
Do you exclude animals from vaccination?
 Yes33 (64/195)34 (36/106)31 (22/72)
Which animals are excluded from vaccination?
 Sick/injured animals21 (14/66)19 (7/37)18 (4/22)
 Pregnant animals6 (4/66)3 (1/37)9 (2/22)
 Lactating animals2 (1/66)3 (1/37)0 (0/22)
 Animals to be reared for beef29 (19/66)30 (11/37)27 (6/22)
 Animals to be sold in the next 12 months32 (21/66)38 (14/37)32 (7/22)
 Other29 (19/66)22 (8/37)45 (10/22)
What is the youngest age at which animals first receive this vaccine?
 Vaccinating earlier than recommended age†14 (16/116)9 (6/69)15 (6/39)
What route of administration did you use?‡
 Recommended route†73 (128/175)77 (69/90)73 (49/67)
If using an intramuscular or subcutaneous route, which injection site did you use?
 Recommended site†69 (57/82)67 (28/42)70 (26/37)
What instructions did you follow?
 On the bottle/box/label61 (119/195)58 (61/105)61 (44/72)
 On the datasheet33 (64/195)31 (33/105)40 (29/72)
 I did what I have done previously and did not need Instructions23 (45/195)24 (25/105)21 (15/72)
 Vaccine supplier16 (31/195)15 (16/105)18 (13/72)
Who supplied the vaccine?§
 Veterinary practice93 (174/187)95 (96/101)89 (64/72)
 Agricultural merchant8 (15/187)7 (7/101)10 (7/72)
 Internet company1 (2/187)1 (1/101)1 (1/72)
Person administering vaccine§
 Senior position on farm42 (68/161)42 (36/85)42 (25/60)
 Worker61 (98/161)65 (55/85)57 (34/60)
 Veterinarian6 (10/161)0 (0/85)15 (9/60)
  • *Includes dairy, beef, mixed and unallocated respondents

  • †Recommendations taken from product datasheet (NOAH 2010)

  • ‡Intramuscular, subcutaneous, intranasal or oral

  • §Data derived from open questions with responses grouped using thematic analysis methods